Nasal bleeding in pregnancy refer to the occurrence of bleeding from the nose while a woman is pregnant. Nosebleeds during pregnancy common and is primarily caused by the physiological changes that happen in a woman’s body during pregnancy. Pregnancy causes increased blood volume and hormonal fluctuations, making nasal blood vessels more sensitive and prone to bleeding, as they can rupture easily, leading to nasal bleeding in pregnancy. Nasal irritation and the risk of during pregnancy nose bleeding can be made worse by elements including dry air, nasal congestion, and frequent blowing or picking.



Nosebleeds during pregnancy can be attributed to several factors related to the physiological changes that occur in a woman’s body while she is pregnant. Some of the primary causes in pregnancy nose bleeding include:

Increased Blood Volume: During pregnancy nose bleeding, a woman’s blood volume increases significantly to support the growing foetus. This increased blood flow can put pressure on the tiny blood vessels in the nose, making them more prone to bleeding.

Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy hormones, particularly estrogen, can cause the blood vessels in the nose to expand and become more fragile. In pregnancy nose bleeding increased fragility makes them more susceptible to irritation and bleeding.

Dry Air: Many indoor environments have dry air, especially during winter or in areas with low humidity. Dry air can dry out the nasal passages, leading to irritation and, subsequently, nosebleeds.

Nasal Congestion: Pregnant women often experience nasal congestion due to hormonal changes, which can lead to frequent nose blowing or picking. This constant irritation of the nasal passages can cause nosebleeds during pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure: Elevated blood pressure, which can occur during pregnancy, can increase the risk of nosebleeds.

Nasal Irritants: Exposure to irritants such as smoke, strong odours, or pollutants can irritate the nasal passages, leading to nasal bleeding in pregnancy.

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During pregnancy, increased oestrogen levels and progesterone increase blood supply to the nose lining, potentially damaging tiny blood vessels and causing nasal bleeding in pregnancy.


In pregnancy nose bleeding is typically characterized by the following symptoms:

Bleeding from the Nose: The most noticeable symptom is the presence of blood from one or both nostrils, varying in quantity from a few drops to a steady flow.

When you sneeze, try to keep your mouth open although it may seem strange, this might help release nasal bleeding in pregnancy.

Metallic Taste: In pregnancy nose bleeding can cause a metallic taste in the mouth.

Blood Clots: Blood clots may form inside the nostrils or at the back of the throat as the bleeding starts to subside.

Congested Nose: Pregnant women often experience nasal congestion due to hormonal changes. This congestion can lead to frequent nose blowing or picking, which can irritate the nasal bleeding in pregnancy and trigger nosebleeds.

Anxiety or Nervousness: In pregnancy nose bleeding can be alarming, especially if they occur for the first time. This might lead to feelings of anxiety or nervousness.


To stop nasal bleeding in pregnancy, sit upright and lean slightly forward to prevent blood from flowing down your throat. Applying a cold compress to the back of your neck or nose can help constrict blood vessels and reduce bleeding. If the bleeding persists after 20 minutes or is recurrent, seek medical attention. These steps will help you to stop nose bleeds during pregnancy:

Stay Calm: During pregnancy nose bleeding can be alarming, so staying calm is essential. Most nosebleeds can be stopped with simple measures.

Sit Upright: Sit down and lean slightly forward. This position prevents blood from flowing down the back of your throat.

Pinch Your Nostrils: Use your thumb and forefinger to pinch your nostrils together. Pinch firmly for 10-15 minutes without releasing. This pressure helps the blood vessels constrict and stop the bleeding.

Breathe Through Your Mouth: While you’re pinching your nostrils, breathe through your mouth to avoid inhaling blood.

Apply Ice Pack: Applying a cold compress or ice pack wrapped in a cloth to the back of your neck or the bridge of your nose can help constrict blood vessels and reduce bleeding.

Use a Nasal Decongestant Spray: Over-the-counter nasal decongestant sprays can constrict blood vessels and help stop a nosebleed. However, consult a doctor before using any medications, especially if you are pregnant or have other medical conditions.

Avoid Tilting Your Head Back: Tilting your head back can cause blood to flow down your throat, leading to swallowing blood, can cause nausea. It can also lead to choking. Always lean forward.

Avoid Hot Drinks and Alcohol: Hot drinks and alcohol can dilate blood vessels, which can worsen the nasal bleeding in pregnancy. Avoid them until the bleeding has stopped.

Stay Quiet and Rest: When in pregnancy nose bleeding stops, avoid heavy lifting or strenuous activity for several hours. Also, refrain from blowing your nose forcefully.


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Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What are the common causes of nosebleeds during pregnancy?

Hormonal changes, increased blood volume, and the expansion of blood vessels in the nose as a result of higher levels of estrogen and progesterone can all contribute to nosebleeds during pregnancy.

2. Are nosebleeds during pregnancy dangerous?

While nosebleeds during pregnancy can be uncomfortable, they typically do not pose a threat on their own. However, it is essential to seek medical attention right away if the bleeding is excessive or if it is accompanied by other symptoms like fainting or dizziness.

3. How can I prevent nosebleeds during pregnancy?

You can try using a humidifier to keep the air moist, not picking or blowing your nose hard, staying hydrated, and using saline nasal sprays to keep the nasal passages moist to prevent nosebleeds during pregnancy.

4. When should I consult a healthcare provider about nosebleeds during pregnancy?

If you have frequent or severe nosebleeds while pregnant, the bleeding doesn’t stop within 20 minutes, you have trouble breathing, or you notice any other worrying symptoms like dizziness or fainting, you should see a doctor.

5. Can nosebleeds during pregnancy harm the baby?

During pregnancy, nosebleeds are typically not harmful to the unborn child. However, in order to safeguard the health of the mother and the unborn child, it is absolutely necessary to seek medical attention if the bleeding is severe and is accompanied by other symptoms.