Cramps are common during pregnancy – but their causes range from harmless to dangerous, making it something that understandably worries women. Knowing the cause behind this pregnancy discomfort can ensure that you don’t panic needlessly, but at the same time are aware of the pregnancy complications to minimize any risk of problems. Cramps in early pregnancy are common, whereas cramps in the third trimester can be a cause for worry. To know when to worry and when not to when it comes, read on.


Causes of Cramps during Pregnancy 

The expected causes of cramps in pregnancy are something you needn’t worry about. As the ligaments & muscles of the uterus expand, it can cause a pulling feeling on the sides of the stomach. You may wonder what early feel like – a lot of women think they feel like period cramps. This is a common cause of cramps in Pregnancy – the growth and expansion of the uterine muscles & ligaments. However, if you experience any hardening or tightening of the stomach, make sure you tell your gynaecologist about it.

Other than this, the causes of cramps during pregnancy can be –

  1. Constipation – An early pregnancy side-effect, constipation can cause cramping.
  2. Infections – Yeast Infections & Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) can cause Infections, and can quickly become risky as Infection can spread to the kidneys causing complications.
  3. Sexual Intercourse – Intercourse during pregnancy can cause mild contractions, and you must talk to your doctor about it.
  4. Ectopic Pregnancy or Miscarriage – If you experience sharp cramps and they are accompanied by spotting or bleeding, make sure you tell your doctor about them to rule out any dangerous complications.
  5. Pre-Eclampsia – Cramps during pregnancy can sometimes be a sign of Pre-Eclampsia, so make sure that you tell your doctor if you experience cramps so that they can monitor your blood pressure and check for protein in the urine.

Additionally, any cramps during the third trimester should be taken seriously, and your doctor immediately informed you to prevent any complications.

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When to Worry About Pregnancy Cramps 

If you have any of the following symptoms, you must talk to your doctor as they can be indicative of dangerous complications –

  • Severe Pain
  • Pain that is long-lasting
  • Cramping that is accompanied by spotting or bleeding
  • Pain in the neck & shoulder along with cramping

Diagnosing What is Causing Your Cramps

Your doctor will be able to determine the cause of cramps in pregnancy after asking you questions about your symptoms, signs, and intensity of pain. Additionally, Pelvic Exams, Ultrasounds, and Blood or tissue tests might also be done by your gynaecologist to come to a diagnosis for your pregnancy cramps.

Treatment for Cramps During Pregnancy

If your doctor feels that your cramps are not serious and can be managed with simple home remedies, there are a few things you can do –

  • Change to a position that’s more comfortable
  • Take lukewarm baths
  • Stay hydrated
  • Do relaxation exercises

Additionally, your doctor can prescribe a few medications to ease this.

Take Away 

It can be a pesky pregnancy side effect at best and indicative of a dangerous complication at worst, so make sure that you keep your doctor in the loop when you feel you’re experiencing any unusual symptoms. Eat well, consume your prenatal vitamins, stay hydrated, and follow a healthy lifestyle to minimize the risk of any pregnancy complications.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. What are pregnancy cramps?

Pregnancy cramps are stomach torments experienced by pregnant ladies. They can change in force and may feel like feminine spasms.

2. When do pregnancy cramps occur?

Pregnancy issues can happen all through pregnancy, yet they are most normal in the main trimester as the uterus extends to oblige the developing hatchling.

3. Are pregnancy cramps normal?

Yes, as the body adjusts to the changes occurring during gestation, mild cramping is typically normal during pregnancy. Notwithstanding, serious or steady issues ought to be assessed by a medical services supplier.

4. What causes pregnancy cramps?

Pregnancy spasms can be brought about by different elements, including the extending of the uterine muscles, hormonal changes, and expanded blood stream to the pelvic region.

5. How can pregnancy cramps be relieved?

Try resting, applying heat to the abdomen, practicing relaxation techniques, staying hydrated, and avoiding strenuous activities to alleviate pregnancy cramps. Consult a medical professional for further evaluation and guidance if the cramps persist or get worse.